The following list of references support information shared on this website:

Retrieved 3/28/13 from The Abel and Harlow Child Molestation Prevention Study, 2001..

Abel, G.G., Harlow, N. (2001). The Stop Child Molestation Book: What Ordinary People Can Do In Their Everyday Lives To Save Three Million Children. USA: Xlibris Corporation.

Abel Screening, Inc., Aug. 2011, preliminary data on boundary violations in youth-serving organizations. Atlanta, GA.

Adelson, E. (2011, Nov. 29). Why sports and sex abuse too often mix. Retrieved 3/25/13 from

AP: Sexual misconduct plagues U.S. Schools, Martha Irvine and Robert Tanner, October 21, 2007.

Arevalo, E., Cooper, B., and Smith, M. (2006). SAFE (Screening Applicants for Effectiveness): Guidelines to Prevent Child Molestation in Mentoring and Youth-Serving Organizations. Redwood City, CA: Friends for Youth, Inc.

Beck, A.J., Harrison, P.M. & Guerino, P. (2010) Sexual victimization in juvenile facilities reported by youth, 2008-2009 (NCJ Report No. 228416). Retrieved 3/22/13 from:”>

Benedict, M.I., & Zuravin, S. (1992). Factors associated with child maltreatment by family foster care providers. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health.

Briere, J.,& Rumntz, M. (1989). University males’ sexual interest in children: predicting potential indices of “pedophilia” in a  non-forensic sample. Child Abuse & Neglect, 13,65-75.

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Child Molestation Research & Prevention Institute, Feb. 2009, preliminary data on reporting of child sexual abuse. Atlanta, GA.

ChoicePoint, The Importance of Background Screening for Nonprofits: An Updated Briefing, April, 2008.

Christian Ministry Resources: 2009 Sexual Misconduct Survey Results.

Cotton, H.F. (2009). A + a = F: Academics Plus Athletics Equals Failure. USA: Xlibris Corporation.

Denov, M.S. (2003). The myth of innocence: sexual scripts and the recognition of child sexual abuse by female perpetrators. The Journal of Sexual Research, 40(3),303-314.

Finkelhor, D., Ormrod, R.K., & Turner, H.A. (2009). Lifetime assessment of poly-victimization in a national sample of children & youth. Child Abuse & Neglect, 33: 403-411.

Insurance Journal Report: Protestant Church Insurers Handle 260 Sex Abuse Cases a Year.

Myers, J.E.B., Berliner, L., Hendrix, C.T., Jenny, C. Reid, T.A., editors. (2011) The APSAC handbook of child maltreatment. 3rd ed. Thousand Oaks, CA.: Sage Publications.

National Council of Youth Sports: 2008 Report on Trends and Participation In Organized Youth Sports Jury Awards $100 Million Verdict in Miami Priest Sex Abuse Case 11/10/11.

Rickabaugh, T. (2009), Exploring Commitment to Youth Sports Leadership. Strategies: A Journal for Physical and Sport Educators, Volume 23, Number 2: 12-15.

Saul, J. & Audage, N.C. (2007) Preventing child sexual abuse within youth-serving organizations: Getting started on policies and procedures. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control.

Shakeshaft, C. (2004). Educator sexual misconduct: a synthesis of existing literature, Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Education.

Stop It Now! Together We Can Prevent the Sexual Abuse of Children: What is child sexual abuse? Retrieved on 3/29/13 from

Sullivan, J. & Beech, A. (2002) Professional perpetrators: Sex offenders who use their employment to target and sexually abuse the children with whom they work. Child Abuse Review, 11: 153-167.

Wurtele, S. (2012). Preventing the sexual exploitation of minors in youth-serving organizations. Children and Youth Services Review, Volume 34, Issue 12: 2442–2453.